GATEWAY TO THE WORLD OF EXOTIC FLOWERS
Nine D Agrotech is a professional company focused on the production of exotic plants and flowers like Orchids, and Gerbera. Our main aim is to produce import substitute products and be a major producer of flowers.
The company is in the business of cultivation of different varieties of Orchids for cut flower and Plants, and Gerbera for cut flowers. We have a 20-acre Nursery with consisting of greenhouse and research laboratory, with top class facilities, in Taluka Pali Sudhagad district of Maharashtra.
We also have a farm for production of the flowers and plants in Nedumangad district of Trivandrum in Kerala State.
If you are a nature lover or enjoy gardening as hobby, and are also interested in developing business of your choice in Horticulture and gardening, the company can offer you a suitable package to suit your budget and infrastructure available with you.
Orchid Seedlings (Dendrobium)
Dendrobiums are one of the largest genera and also most interesting group of orchids. They are relatively easy to grow, and produce very attractive flowers. Dendrobiums occur widely in South East Asia, Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea with India being one of the most important natural homes. North East India and Western Ghats house numerous Dendrobium species.
Plant: Dendrobiums are sympodial in growth, with horizontal growing stems. One or more new upright growths are produced every year. Some of the species grow erect and some have pendulous long flowing canes.
Some of the species are evergreen and some are deciduous and shed their leaves on maturity. Flowers are borne on the inflorescence and some are small and numerous in number and many produce large sized flowers. Cultural requirements vary to an extent considering the diverse distribution of the Dendrobiums.
Light: Plants require a good and strong light of about 3000-4500 foot candle. Plants can be exposed to morning sun and should be sheltered from the afternoon direct sun.
Temperature: Dendrobiums prefer warmth and intermediate temperature conditions. A maximum temperature of 26-28° C and minimum of 19-20° C is ideal , but often they can withstand extremes of 35° C. Flowering is induced by the variations in day and night
Watering and Humidity: Provide adequate amount of water and keep the plants moist throughout the growing period. During winter, water it occasionally and resume copious watering after new growth occurs.
Many of the North East Indian species need ‘resting period’ during winter months. During which there should be occasional watering to prevent the pseudobulbs from shrinking. During the rest period no nutrition is given. Overwatering or continued watering during the rest periods will result in production of keikis and no flowers.
Nutrition: Dendrobiums respond well to half the recommended dose of fertilizer (0.5 — 1.0 gram per litre of water) such as 19-19-19 every week throughout the growing period. During winter, stop fertilizing and resume fertilization after new growth occurs.
Potting and Media: Dendrobiums can be potted with regular orchid potting materials such as
brickbats, charcoal and Coconut Husk Chips. They prefer smaller pots and do well when under potted. Many pendulous long flowering canes Dendrobiums prefer to be mounted on slab of wood with a wad of moss.
Pests & Diseases: Several pests such as aphids, thrips and slugs infest on the plant. Maintaining hygienic conditions and timely use of pesticides will minimize the damage. Common hybrid dendrobium like Emma White, and Pink Lady are easy growing plants for beginners.
The arching sprays of Phalaenopsis make them one of most beautiful, attractive and sought-after orchids. They are popularly known as ‘moth orchids’ and ‘butter’ in Philippines and is an ideal orchid for beginners. Low and compact habit of the plant makes them desirable to grow at home and is widely cultivated. Phalaenopsis is distributed throughout South East Asia, Taiwan, India, Australia, Malayan Peninsula, Indonesia, North Australia and Philippines.
Plant: Most of the Phalaenopsis are epiphytes and few are lithophytes. They are monopodials with erect growing rhizome producing one or two leaves every year from the top. Leaves can attain huge size. Leaves along with roots are best indicators of health; they should be firm and not floppy (indications of low light and unhealthy root system). A dark red blush covering the top of the leaves indicates too much light. Phalaenopsis grows throughout the year if prevailing temperature is above 20° C, producing beautiful arching spikes from the node between the leaves having large white, pink, striped, spotted yellow flowers. Staking of the inflorescence ensures better display. Phalaenopsis is easy for a beginner to grow due to its relatively faster growth and ease of blooming compared to other orchids.
Light: Phalaenopsis require about 1000-1500 foot candles indicating it is a shade loving orchid. Most
of the Phalaenopsis should never be exposed to direct sunlight as it damages the leaves within a short time.
Temperature: Phalaenopsis grows in warm temperatures ranging from 20-35 ° C, it also adapts well
to a range of 15-30° C. However, night temperatures of 15-22° C and a day temperature of around
32° C is ideal.
Water & Humidity: Plants in pots are to be thoroughly watered so that the entire medium gets wet and the next watering is to be done after it completely dries out. Humidity of around 65-70 per cent helps in producing good quality flowers in terms of size and longevity. Aeration is important for Phalaenopsis. Without proper aeration, diseases such as crown rot results.
Nutrition: Phalaenopsis are heavy feeders they are provided on weekly basis of a balanced fertilizer such as 19-19-19 at half the recommended dose (0.5 — 1.0 gram per litre of water) during the
vegetative growth for about 4-5 weeks and followed by one application of high strength of potash.
Potting and Media: Phalaenopsis plants do not have storage parts and hence, need moisture at all
times. The type of material used for potting should provide drainage. Such materials are Brickbats, charcoal, and coconut husk chips are widely used. Placing a wad of moss near the roots after planting ensures better root growth and establishment.
Pests and Diseases: There are several pests and diseases, which affect Phalaenopsis. Mites are
the major problem. Slugs and snails are another menace attacking the flower buds and succulent plant parts causing extensive damages.
Basket Vandas are one of the most popular and sought-after orchids because of its large and beautiful flowers. The Vandaceous group comprises of Aerides, Vanda, Ascocentrum, Rhynchostylis, Arandas and Mokara. The genus has about 60 species and is distributed mainly in the tropical regions of India (Himalayas), especially North-East India and Western Ghats, Indonesia, Northern Australia, China, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Myanmar Thailand, and New Guinea.
Plant: Vandas are monopodial in their growth. It grows from the tip or crown in one direction.
They are epiphytes and the main stem will have several lateral buds, which later develop into plantlets, and each one of these will grow into a big size plant with several aerial roots. Plants have long trailing aerial roots. Depending on the size and shape of the leaf, there are strap leaved, terete leaved and semi terete leaved Vandas.
Light: Vandas prefer high light intensity, particularly terete Vandas which can adapt very well to full
sun conditions. On an average Vandas require about 3000-4000 feet candles and some terete leaf
Vandas may need up to 6000 foot candles. Vanda coerulea (Picture 4) and its hybrids are cool growing plants than the other warmer growing Vandas.
Temperature: This genus does well in daylight conditions where temperature is above 25-30° C and
night temperature should not go below 12° C. Avoid cold draft for the plants during the cold season.
Water and Humidity: Vanda need frequent watering. Frequent misting and wetting the aerial roots is very essential. Most of the Vandas are grown in hanging baskets and watering is very important in such conditions. Vanda roots absorb moisture much slowly than other orchid roots. In summer months frequently wetting the aerial roots is important, the process involves, wetting them once and again re-wetting them after 5 minutes ensures complete wetting of roots. Vandas require humidity of 50 per cent and above during most of its growth period. Vandas like good air movement as they have a lot of aerial roots.
Nutrition: Vandas are heavy feeders and responds positively to balanced nutrition and watering. Using fertilizers on a weekly basis with half the recommended dose of a balanced fertilizer is advisable (0.5 — 1.0 gram per litre of water). A fertilizer of 19-19-19 on a weekly basis will ensure good growth and flowering. As the plant matures, increase Potash and bring down Nitrogen levels.
Potting and Media: Vandas can attain huge sizes over a period of time. They prefer to be hung in
baskets with its aerial roots hanging down. They are also grown in pots and perform well in a porous
and well-draining media with proper aeration. Charcoal, brickbats and coconut husk chips are
common planting media used.
Pests and Diseases: Fusarium wilt and crown rot are major diseases on Vandas.
E-617,Floral Deck Plaza,
Road No. 12,
MIDC Central Road,